Bin Hamed Holdings has forged its reputation from the lineage of its CEO – HRH Sheikh Nabeel Mohamed Bin Hamedaddin. Hailing from a dynasty stretching from over 900 years to the modern day and which ruled South Saudi Arabia and Yemen, its history has ensures it continually strives for excellence.
Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din (Imam Yahya) became Imam of the Zaydis in 1904 after the death of his father, Muhammad Al-Mansur, and Imam of Yemen in 1918. Upon the death of his father in 1904, Yahya became Imam, effectively ruler over the mountainous areas of the future North Yemen. A strong ruler who had excellent administrative, military and organisational skills, Imam Yahya was known a champion of justice and compassion and was respected around the world. He managed to put an end to the state of anarchy, lawlessness and violence which had inflicted the country and helped ease the immense suffering of its inhabitants.
In 1911, Imam Yahya signed the Treaty of Daan with the Ottoman empire – recognising his rule over the the Zaydi-controlled parts of Yemen. Travelling to Sana’a on 17th November 1918, he met with tribal leaders and received dignitaries, princes, scholars, judges and a flood of subjects who declared him the ruler of the whole of Yemen.
His first order was to forbid entering the capital Sana’a with arms, and appointed sentries at the gates to start a reign of peace and justice unparalleled during the years of his rule. City after city accepted the rule and authority of Imam Yahya; the port of Mocha, and the city of Taiz were among the first most important cities. He took steps to create a modern state, and maintained all Ottoman officials who would stay to support the development of government.
He created a regular army in 1919 that enlisted soldiers from the surrounding tribes to Sana’a; from the tribes of Sanhan, Bani Harthi, and Bani Hushaish. He signed many treaties which recognised Yemen as a sovereign state, the first of which was the Italo-Yemeni Treaty in 1926.
Due to conflicting tribes in the border areas between Saudi Arabia and Yemen that escalated into a war ensued that was ended in 1934 with the signing of the Taif Treaty between Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The treaty was the basis for the final territorial agreement between both countries.
Imam Yahya was assassinated on 17th February 1948 and was succeeded by his son – Ahmad bin Yahya. A profoundly conservative ruler, Ahmad however forged alliances with the Soviet Union, Communist China and the Republic of Egypt, all of which provided economic and military aid to the kingdom.
Ahmad gained his knowledge and experience by assisting his father in putting together a kingdom through strategy, diplomacy, tribal warfare and intrigue. Ahmad was appointed governor of Ta’izz from 1918 to 1948. In 1927 he was named Wali Ahad, effectively the crown prince.
Despite his sometimes erratic behaviour, Ahmad bin Yahya was a popular leader amongst the general population as well as his soldiers and received strong loyalty from them. He was more open to foreign contact than his father and his main abiding policy was to drive the British out from Aden. The tensions with British Aden caused Ahmad to overcome his antipathy for Saudi Arabia, which he also received from his father. In 1955 Yemen began talks with a view towards entering a military pact with Egypt, Syria and Saudi Arabia. The warming of relations coincided with a Saudi need for foreign workers to service its expanding oil industry, and in 1955 the Saudi government decreed that Yemenis could enter without work permits.
On September 19, 1962 Ahmad bin Yahya died in his sleep and his eldest son, Muhammad al-Badr was proclaimed Imam and King.